Maria Montessori

(Delorme, Burns, Diacon)

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"Free the child's potential and you will transform him into the world"

Biography:

Born: August 31st, 1870
Died: May 6th, 1952
Maria Montessori was an Italian Philosopher and humanist.
Montessori is best known for her philosophy and the Montessori Method of education of Children from birth to adolescence.
She attended the University of Rome La Sapienze and became the first female doctor in Italy.
She was also nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize three times.
Montessori also came up with the idea to create child sized furniture in the classroom. Before this they had just been using all adult size equipment.

Threory
The Montessori Method is a child-centered, alternative educational method based on the child developmental theories originated by Italian educator Maria Montessori in the late Nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Montessori's method is mostly applied in preschool and primary elementary school settings.
This method of education is characterized by emphasising self-directed activity, on the part of the child, and clinical observations.
Montessori stated that the teachers job is to stress the importance of adapting the child’s learning environment to his/her development level. She also stated that the role of physical activity in the child’s absorbing abstract concepts and learning practical skills.
Montessori built her theory on the work of French physicians Jean Itard and Edouard Seguin.

Montessori laid down 5 priciples for her belief on how to educate students:

More on Principles

1. She believed that children are profoundly affected by society and the immediate environment. She believed each child is born with creative potential and the right to be treated with respect.

2. She believed prepared environments in the schools and at home helped to develop the child's potential.

3. She thought that children should be given the freedom to work and move around the classroom with guidlines that helped them to act as part of a social group.

4. She said children should be provided with designed materials that will help them to explore there world and enable them to develop cognitive skills.

5. She also said that mixed age groups encourage all children to develop their personalities socially and intellectually at their own pace.

Montessori Video